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There is a central truth about Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). It is a truth that is all-too real and painful for both those diagnosed with BPD and those who are family members, relationship partners (ex – relationship partners) children or parents or friends of those with BPD (non borderlines).

Borderline Personality Disorder creates layered situations from which extrication is very difficult. This is true for the borderline or the non borderline. In this dance of enmeshment between the borderline and non borderline perhaps the only thing that is truly mutual is the pain, suffering, loss and grief.

There is a dance that takes place between those diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder(borderlines) and those who try to relate to them (non borderlines). It is painful. The reality of Borderline Personality Disorder in a loved one, partner, family member, or friend, sets up a toxic and painful quagmire for the non borderline.

The Dance of the Borderline can be defined as the projective-identification/transference of their identity to the extent that they do not know it on to someone else. What does this mean? It means that when the borderline in your life is sad, or hurt or afraid, rather than feel those feelings, as the non borderline would, the borderline will turn on you in an effort to have you hold, act out and be the very feelings that they cannot hold, handle or cope with. It is a sub-conscious way to have mirrored back to self all that one feels but does not know how to cope with and so those with BPD dissociate from these feelings, essentially, refusing to feel them. Borderlines "act out" or "act in" these dissociated from feelings because they do not yet know how to tolerate the distress of feeling them and they do not know how to soothe them. This is the reality of the abandoned pain of BPD.

It is essentially, the borderline trying to put distance between him or herself and his/her own pain. Little do most borderlines realize that in effect what they are really doing when they act out and push people away and erect walls to ‘protect’ them is wall themselves in with the pain. There is no relief from pain to be found in casting it out to those or to the world around you. The walls that a borderline builds will wall that borderline in and threaten to drown him/her in his/her own pain. The non borderline who does not have any boundaries is at risk of being sealed into that borderline wall of agony right along with the person with BPD.



It is through this dance that the borderline often sets him/herself up to continually re-experience what feels familiar. As most borderlines have a tremendous fear of abandonment the behaviour that they engage in often is the reason why people turn away, sooner or later, to maintain their own sanity. Yet when it is reasonable to leave or to take space (to a non-borderline) the borderline (usually not taking any personal responsibility) will blame you and will experience your taking space or your leaving as abandonment.

If you have Borderline Personality Disorder and you have often wondered why it seems that others abandon you, you may need to learn how to take more personal responsibility for what you are actually perpetuating in the ways that you relate to others. What feels like abandonment is often the person with BPD distancing the non borderline because he/she is re-playing out what I refer to as unresolved core wound of abandonment issues, in the here and now, in ways that make the person you may think you love invisible and the person you are actually relating to is the person from your past with whom you experienced the very painful relational rupture that caused your core wound of abandonment.

The borderline is in a very painful and real world of his or her own. Emotionally, it is a world that exists in parallel to the world of the "averagely healthy". Despite a usually above average intelligence and an often charming initial presentation most borderlines are emotionally vastly different from how they are intellectually. The discrepancy between a borderline’s general ability to think and his/her emotional capacity is often an internal schism between self-known and self-unknown that is wider than the grand canyon. It is world that is run by terror and fear and often by the triggered-dissociations from the past of the borderline.

The Dance of the Borderline is experienced by the non borderline when all of sudden, yet again, they have become the focus of the borderline’s pain, rage, anger, unmet needs, wants, demands, helplessness and so on. Questions I’ve been asked a lot of late in email is, "How do I not go there? How can I set a boundary? What do I do when he/she starts it all over again? Why is this happening?

So there is the borderline prone to repeatedly engaging in a deceptive dance of demanding devastation and the non borderline who cannot get into the head (understand the motivation) of the borderline. Herein lies the central quagmire of the non borderline.

The non borderline’s quagmire is realized when he/she comes to the inevitable conclusion that he/she has to effect some change for themselves. There comes the realization that a choice has to be made. The choice is one that most often feels like, and is, a choice between equally unfavourable and disagreeable alternatives. This is the projected out predicament in which the borderline (to a degree) has lived within all of his/her life without knowing if fully. It is this similar dilemma/dynamic or predicament that is the fuel of the borderline dance in the first place. So you see the borderline and the non-borderline, in some ways, are not so far apart. The experience of each is painful. The experience of each is real.

What the non borderline must realize within this quagmire, however, is that they have the tools necessary to take care of themselves. The non borderline has the ability (not limited emotionally by a personality disorder) to responsibly react to what is not working for them or to what is hurting them. This realization, however, is a process.



Borderlines, due to the very nature of the personality disorder, are not that emotionally/psychologically free to choose (until they’ve had quite a bit of successful therapy and worked through much of these issues.) Borderlines, in what I call, the active throes of BPD, are lost to the conscious awareness needed to create the kind of choices that can support getting on and staying on the road to recovery.

So, you are in a relationship with a borderline and you have reached this stage of quagmire. You want the relationship to survive. You have all sorts of mixed feelings toward this borderline in your life, what are you to do? The first thing you must do is decide what it is that you cannot live with anymore. Once you’ve identified that, you will then have the rather difficult task of communicating that to the borderline in your life. Before you communicate what your limits and boundaries are make sure that you are prepared to back them up. If you are not, or you do not you will experience the dance times one hundred and the borderline in your life will generate more chaos than before.

So, you’ve identified the problem, you have decided what your limits and boundaries are, you have a plan of action ready to implement and consistently stick to. At this point it’s time to talk to the borderline in your life. As you do this — remember, you must speak only to your experience and not to his/her behaviour. This will be the beginning of a difficult and painful process whether things work out or not. As with any quagmire, know that your pain is real and that pain is a natural part of change. Your pain does not have to cause you to doubt that you are doing what you need to do for yourself.

In fact, for both those who have BPD and non borderlines the more pain you are aware of being in, the closer to your own truth you getting. This is a positive thing. This is where radical acceptance is the best practice to implement. Whether you have BPD or you are a non borderline, radical accepting what you are now realizing and sitting with the pain associated with that rising awareness is the foundation of any and all change that you will choose to create in your life, in time.

The non borderline must communicate honestly, fairly and consistently with the borderline knowing full well that you cannot have any control, effect or say on how the borderline in your life will choose to react or behave.

The only way to not be engaged in the dance of the borderline is to identify, communicate and follow through with your boundaries. Your message in words and in action must be clear. If for example, the borderline in your life is demanding something from you that you cannot give, it is reasonable that you answer the demand calmly with a statement about how you feel and why you cannot do what you are being asked or manipulated to do. Then make a clear statement that you are not going to continue to engage in the conflict or issue. If the borderline continues to press or escalates his/her behavior then you have to disengage in whatever way you have set out as the way that you will do this. For example, if you made it clear you will leave the house for an hour or that you will take a half hour alone somewhere in the house then you must do this.

If you are finding that you have set boundaries and limits and that you have communicated them and acted upon them only to meet with more and more conflict, abuse, hostility etc then it is time to consider space. In order for you to take care of yourself and have your needs met, your boundaries and limits need to be respected. This is often next to impossible for many borderlines (not yet in therapy or refusing to get help). If the borderline in your life is not getting help, won’t go get help, is in total denial, and will not respect your personhood then the choice you have to make in order to maintain your own sanity is one of space and distance, for a time, or altogether.

As someone who has gone through this from both sides of Borderline Personality Disorder  (having had parents with BPD, having had BPD and recovered from BPD and then having had a relationship as a non borderline with someone with BPD) I can honestly say that often it is only through subsequent loss for the non borderline and what feels like re-abandonment to the borderline that healing can be realized.

When I was an adult in the process of working to recover from BPD, it took the loss of my family – it took me divorcing my family for me to create the kind of healthy foundation from which I could recover. When I had BPD, it took my losing people from my life before I could incorporate certain changes. When I was in a relationship, after my own recovery from BPD with someone with BPD, it took ending that relationship and losing the love I’d sought to gain (love that wasn’t really love at all) in order for me to further mature and understand myself.

If you are staying in a relationship or continually caving or surrendering to "have peace" only to find that is not "right", or "good enough" for the borderline in your life either: you are doing NO ONE a favour by staying in that situation. You have to decide whether you are willing to remain a hostage anymore or not. Do you want your freedom enough? Yes in the pursuit of your disengaging the dance and your attaining your freedom you will hurt. The borderline will hurt. If life and recovery have taught me anything it’s that you cannot grow and change without feeling pain. Let your pain motivate you to learn the lesson, whether you are a borderline or a non borderline.

If you have BPD and you are remaining engaged in a relationship where you know you are punishing or abusing or asking way too much from another because you don’t know how to soothe yourself, take care of yourself, meet your needs, or live your own life, then you too will benefit from getting professional help to work out unresolved abandonment trauma so that you can learn to relate to others in healthier ways. Ways that can build relationships instead of destroy them and victimize others while you re-victimize yourself at the same time.



Often we, borderline or non borderline have to lose in order to gain. We have to grieve in order to grow. We have to say good-bye in order to say hello to ourselves and to subsequent others in our lives. No one of us can change for another. No one of us can control another. Relationships are complicated and hard enough. For the borderline they are not truly possible until the borderline learns to relate to "self". Until the borderline learns to relate to "self" he/she will always be relating over and over again to "self" through "other". This reality pushes the "other" away. It also is why the borderline tries to take hostages. If the borderline (in throes of BPD) only knows "self" through "other" and "other" goes away the experience is one as real and painful as "death of self" — annihilation. The end of a relationship to a borderline can be like a death of "self" as was known in "other". The end of a relationship for a non-borderline or averagely "healthy" person is a very sad, painful loss but it is not the loss of self. In fact, when a non-borderline leaves a borderline they often experience a very healthy and welcoming "re-birth" of "self".

If you are borderline it is up to you to take responsibility for yourself and to learn to respect the limits and boundaries of others. If you are borderline you need to find yourself and to live through that "self" and not project that lost "self" onto others. If you are a non-borderline you need to be realistic with yourself and not accept anything less than basic human courtesy and respect.

The Dance of the Borderline, the tune of which can only be heard by a borderline is music that a non-borderline cannot truly hear or appreciate. You live in one world, separated from itself, worlds over-lapping, yet not touching, worlds in parallel. Borderlines need to stop the dance and the non borderlines need to end their quagmire. Whether this can be done in tandem or whether you have to let go and do it alone, only each of you can decide.

Each one of us in this world has a responsibility to ourselves. We cannot extend any real love to another until we learn to love "self", borderline or not. And for those with BPD to be able to learn to love "self" they must first find and get to know that "authentic self".

© Ms. A.J. Mahari, September 26, 1999 (with additions April 22, 2008)



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The Borderline Dance & The Non Borderline Quagmire